General Terms

Dojo: School or training room

Sensei: Teacher

Sempai: Senior

Shihan: Master Instructor

Kyu: Rank

Gi: Uniform

Obi: Belt Hai: Yes

Osu (pronounced oos): “I understand and will try my best.” Also used to show respect, enthusiasm.

Do: Way

Budo: Way of combat

Zanshin: Poise and control

Kime: Focus

Kihon: Fundamentals/Basics

Kiai: Spirit shout/focus of spiritual energy

Kata: Practice form Bunkai: Application (interpretation) of kata techniques

Kumite: Sparring/fighting

Ippon kumite: One-step sparring

Jiyyu kumite: Free sparring Waza: Technique

Dachi: Stance

Tsuki (Zuki): Punch

Uchi: Strike

Uke: Block

Rei: Bow

Waza: Technique

Geri: Kick

Ashi-barai: Foot sweep

Kamae: Posture

Yori-ashi: Sliding the feet

Tai-sabaki: Body shifting

Mokuso: Meditate/Gather Your Thoughts

Dozo: Please

Zanshin: Awareness; Continuing mind/heart – connotes “following through” a technique while maintaining awareness

Yoi: Ready

Yame: Stop

Yasume: Relax (or ready position)

Sensei ni: Face towards the teacher

Otaigai ni: Face towards each other

Shomen ni: Face towards the front

Rei: Bow

Seiza: Meditation position-kneeling

Mawatte: Turn around Hajime: Begin

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